Emil M. Cioran (Romanian: [eˈmil t͡ʃjoˈran]; 8 April 1911 – 20 June 1995) was a Romanian philosopher and essayist, who published works in both Romanian and French. Cioran was born in Rășinari, Sibiu County, which was part of Austria-Hungary at the time. In 1933 he started to study at the University of Berlin where he became interested in the policies of the Nazi party. He showed support for the Iron Guard, a Romanian Crypto-fascist movement. He later renounced not only his support for the Iron Guard, but also their nationalist ideas, and frequently expressed regret and repentance for his emotional implication in it. Leaving Berlin in 1936, he taught philosophy at the Andrei Saguna high school in Brasov for a year. He then went to Paris in 1937 and stayed in 1944. His first French book, A Short History of Decay, was awarded the prestigious Rivarol Prize in 1950. Soon after, he began to refuse every literary prize he was offered. The Latin Quarter of Paris became his permanent residence and he lived much of his life in isolation.

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