The Writers' Union of Romania (Uniunea Scriitorilor din România), founded in March 1949, is a professional association of writers in Romania. It also has a subsidiary in Chişinău, Republic of Moldova. The Writers' Union of Romania was created by the communist regime by taking over the former Romanian Writers' Society (Societatea Scriitorilor Români), which had been established in 1908.
The Union organizes the annual Days and Nights of Literature Festival and the awarding of the Ovid Prize for Literature.
- Mihail Sadoveanu (honorary, 1949–1956; active, 1956–1961)
- Zaharia Stancu (active, 1949–1956)
- Demostene Botez (1964–1966)
- Virgil Teodorescu (1974–1978)
- George Macovescu (1978–1982)
- Mircea Dinescu (1990–1996)
- Laurenţiu Ulici (1996–2000)
- Eugen Uricaru (2000–2005)
- Nicolae Manolescu (2005-)